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Dineth Yasiru Nuwanpriya
Dineth Yasiru Nuwanpriya

Kitab Al Kharaj Abu Yusuf Pdf Download

Kitab al Kharaj by Abu Yusuf: A Classic Text on Islamic Taxation

Kitab al Kharaj (Book of Taxation) is a classic text on fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence), written by Abu Yusuf Ya'qub ibn Ibrahim al-Ansari al-Kufi (died 798; 182 A.H.) at the request of the Abbasid caliph Harun al-Rashid (763 or 766-809). Abu Yusuf was the most famous student of Abu Hanifa and along with his illustrious teacher is considered one of the founders of the Hanafi school of law.


In the introduction to the book, Abu Yusuf describes how the caliph asked him to write a work treating the collection of al-kharaj (the tax collected from non-Muslims), al-'ushur (a tithe payable by Muslims), al-sadaqat (alms), and related matters requiring attention and action. Harun al-Rashid's expressed intent was to use the work to address the oppressed condition of his subjects and to improve their economic well-being.

The work includes such chapter headings as "A description of the land [subject to] tithing and al-kharaj, and of Arabs and non-Arabs and idolaters and the people of the book [i.e., Christians and Jews] and others." The work also contains a considerable amount of historical and geographical information on the early centuries of Islam. This can be seen, for example, in the account of the conquest of Byzantine and Sassanian lands contained in the chapter fasl fi ard al-sham wa al-jazira (Chapter on the land of Syria and Mesopotamia).

This manuscript copy of Kitab al Kharaj was completed in Damascus, near the end of Rajab, 1144 A.H. (January 1732). The table of contents, which appears to have been scattered and reattached to the book with its folios out of sequence, was apparently written about a century later, on the Dhu al-Hijjah, 16, 1245 A.H. (June 1830), in Sarajevo (present-day Bosnia and Herzegovina). This work has been reprinted in multiple editions in modern times and has been translated from the original Arabic into English, Russian, and French.

If you are interested in reading this book, you can find some online sources that offer free download or access to it. Here are some links that you can try:

  • [Kitab-ul-khiraaj-IMAM-ABU-YOUSAF-RH : Free Download, Borrow, and Streaming : Internet Archive]: This link provides a PDF file of an Urdu translation of Kitab al Kharaj by Maulana Niaz Ahmad Okarvi.

  • [Hādhā Kitāb al-kharāj al-Imām Abī Yūsuf, rahimahu Allah taʻālá, ṣāḥib ... Library of Congress]: This link provides images of the manuscript copy of Kitab al Kharaj that is held by the Library of Congress. You can view 205 images in sequence or download them as a ZIP file.

  • [Kitab ul Kharaj Urdu/Arabic By Qazi Imam Abu Yusuf کتاب الخراج اردو / عربی]: This link provides a PDF file of an Arabic edition of Kitab al Kharaj along with an Urdu translation by Maulana Niaz Ahmad Okarvi.

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